by Aje Adeola Rasheedah Bemz

“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”-Nelson Mandela

Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge , skills,  values,  beliefs, and habits.

Educational methods include  storytelling,  discussion, teaching, training, and directed  research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of an educators, but learners may also educate themselves.

Education can take place in formal  or  informal settings and any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational.

The methodology of teaching is called  pedagogy, Education is commonly divided formally into such stages as  preschool  or kindergarten, primary school, secondary school and then college, university, or apprenticeship.

Having known about what education is the question is, is Education the cause or solution of Nigeria’s Myriad problem?

The Nigerian education system which produced world renowned scholars in the past has now become a shadow of itself. The rot in the nation’s education system has reached such a deplorable proportion that if not properly addressed now, subsequent generations of Nigerians will continue to suffer its consequences.

At present, Nigeria houses 37% of the out-of-school children, OOSC which equal 9 million in the world, according to the Mo Ibrahim report on ‘African Youth Fulfilling Their Potentials’. As a result of this, most Nigerian children who should be in school are not. In the Eastern (especially Igbo speaking) part of the country, one prevalent problem is the boy-child drop-out syndrome.  The boys for economic reasons refuse to go to school and those who enter primary schools drop out prematurely.


They refuse to complete primary and secondary education because even the educated in the society struggle to get employed. Many children are therefore found in mechanic villages as apprentices to crafts masters in various types of businesses or in other engagements outside the school.

In the Northern part, the problem is that of the girl-child dropout from school for reasons ranging from cultural values opposed to female education to ignorance as well as poverty.

As unsolvable as this problem may seem, if proper measures are put in place, implemented and well monitored, more children will be enrolled in schools, hence bringing the drop-out syndrome to a reasonably minimal percentage if not totally eliminating it. Let’s not forget that a drop out will become a criminal if end would justifiably justify the means.

Education is an eye and mind opener, it brings light to darkness whatever type it is. Being educated makes one exposed but it is painful that we now a days merge and interprete being educated and literate alike. And what we have these days are literates who are uneducated.

Let’s not deviate from the major course of discuss, is education the cause of Nigeria’s problem? If you would ask me I’ll say yes with reasons below.

Judging from the failure of education in Nigeria and the percentage of the half -baked graduates parading the labour market, we can vividly say yes it. Most credible seat and post at the helm of affairs of this country are actually occupied by uneducated literates who have refused to learn, unlearn and relearn. I won’t forget what I aforementioned that literacy is different from education but as it is down here they are intertwined and as such it is expected that a literate must or will be educated.

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Now going by those who occupy the strategic positions, who are actually uneducationally qualified, has actually made this country stagnant and unprogressive. With 65 million Nigerians illiterate.

Illiteracy has adverse impacts at both an individual and societal level. People who are illiterate are far more likely to live in poverty, facing a lifetime marred by poor health and social vulnerability. Economically, the impacts of illiteracy are also sizeable; workplace productivity, unemployment rates and even national GDP are all affected by a country’s literacy levels.

With Nigeria’s illiteracy rate standing at just over 50 percent, it is a matter of national urgency that we work to redress our literacy crisis. How can make real changes that have a measureable and tangible impact on Nigerian learners? But with 35 million Nigerian adults illiterate, how do we instill a love of reading in our children when so many of us can’t read ourselves? Children of illiterate parents are far more likely to be illiterate themselves, and what will then happen to the saying “readers are leaders”.

“If we encounter a man of rare intellect, we should ask him what books he reads.” Then it becomes a necessity to be educated and in a state where education is the problem, the state won’t be faced with any other problem rather than the result of educational failure.

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It is then best for the government and those in charge to begin to see that the failure of education is the dawn and emancipation of Nigeria’s Problem. If this sector is not properly addressed, all effort to better other sectors will be a waste of time and resources.

Nigeria’s graduates and undergraduates must also be ready to work toward achieving the true quality of Education, they must be ready to learn as this will further enhance the development of the Nation and help unravel the misery surrounding the nation’s current myriad problems.